Blockchain Water Management: How Blockchain Will Tackle Global Water Crisis
Blockchain water management is arguably the best option for ensuring that the global water crisis becomes a thing of the past. The global water crisis has gotten to a level that we all need to be scared because no one can survive without clean and pure water. On the 22 March this year being World Water Day, experts and policymakers started looking to emerging technologies like blockchain to solve the worldwide water crisis. It will interest you to know that 1 in every three people globally lacks access to safe drinking water according to the World Health Organization.
If the above statistics are anything to go by, then humanity is in great danger, and everyone needs to be part of this solution. Currently, water infrastructure around the world is either failing or lacking entirely. The World Economic Forum, in partnership with the World Bank and the Swiss Agency for Development in the past, organized a series of workshops to gather water policymakers, entrepreneurs, and technology experts. The focus of this meeting was to seek technological opportunities to tackle the looming global water scarcity.
The resolution reached in that meeting was that blockchain water management for decentralized water reuse systems could have a significant impact on the future of water treatment through the provision of secure, transparent, and distributed ledger to transactions between parties. Blockchain water management could fundamentally transform the way water resources are managed and traded globally.
According to the United Nations Environment Programme, the demand for water will exceed supply by 2030. The statistics went ahead to state that half the global population will face severe water stress by the aid date. We need to turn to blockchain technology and make hay while the sun still shines.
What Is Blockchain Technology
Let’s by understanding what blockchain technology is. In simple terms, blockchain is a time-stamped collection of an immutable record of data that is managed by a group of computers not owned by a single entity. You can also define it as an incorruptible digital ledger that can be programmed to record virtually everything of value. When we talk about the blockchain, it is made up of a “block” and “chain.”
The “block” is simply telling you about the digital information while the “chain” is the public database in which the digital data is stored. Now let’s go deeper into how blockchain water management can help solve the global water crisis.
Blockchain Water management And Quality Control
With blockchain water management, we can be able to tackle two major water problems, thereby creating unusual solutions in the process. Using blockchain technology, we will be ready to address water conflicts as well as water monopolies. Let us take a look at these problems before delving into the blockchain water management solutions.
Water conflict problems
Poor water management has led to numerous conflicts across the globe that has left people dead in their thousands if not tens of thousands. Take Yemen, for example, a destructive cycle of gross water mismanagement led to a political crisis that made the citizens lose faith in the government’s ability to control their water supply.
Shall we talk about the age-long conflict between the Indian States of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu? It will interest you to know that the increasingly drier climate has reignited fighting in this region. Legal battles gave rise to massive protests as the people fought for the water that sustains their everyday life.
Let us also take a look at the water-led conflict that took place in the South American country of Bolivia. The government privatized water in the year 2000, and their actions led to the Water War of Cochabamba. Although after the conflict, the city’s water was renationalized with new legal backing, some areas of the Bolivian countryside lost about 90% of farmland during the worst drought to have hit that country in over 25 years.
From the above-cited examples, it tells us that the less water in a region or location means the water becomes more valuable. For most communities, it can be a matter of life and death while a small handful of people use the opportunity to make money. The last statement launches us into the second problem that blockchain water management will solve.
Goldman Sachs predicted that water would become the petroleum of the 21st century and they haven’t been proven wrong owing to recent developments. They are not the only financial institution that is seeking to consolidate their control over water. Finance groups like Barclays, HSBC, Allianz, and JP Morgan are also making their moves.
Water grabbing is not left for only the financial institutions alone; powerful and wealthy individuals are also in the race. Former US President George H. W. Bush and business tycoons like Boone Pickens have been buying up vast acres of land with lakes, water rights, aquifers, all over the world.
To have a little understanding of the monopoly of water, let us consider the case of Gary Harrington that was imprisoned in the USA for collecting rainwater on his private land. In fact, Boone Pickens owns more water rights than any individual in the United States. He reserves the right to drain over 200,000 acre-feet every year, whereas ordinary Gary was sent to jail for collecting rainwater runoff on his 170 acres of land. Outrageous isn’t it, well there are a thousand and one of such cases all around the world and blockchain water management is better positioned to tackle such ills across the globe.
Blockchain Water Management Solutions
It will be easier to tackle these unfair water distribution and monopolies using blockchain technology. Blockchain water management has the potential to water transparency on a large scale.
As a transparent, secure, and distributed ledger, blockchain is able to record transactions between parties. Our ability to solve these problems of unfair distribution and monopolies of water, we need more transparency. If we should make use of a public blockchain for water quality and quantity data, the information can’t be altered by government, corporations, or wealthy and powerful individuals.
Blockchain water management usher’s in a new dawn of access to information and real-time approach to water management. The incorruptible data stored on the blockchain ledger can be to make all-inclusive decisions in times of water scarcity. You can imagine a situation where households, industries, water managers, and policymakers call on this information if they want to conserve or use water. When compared to centralized water management that is prone to corruption and different vested interests, blockchain water management is the ideal steps towards a fairer and smarter water system.
WATERIG, a company in Hong Kong, has developed a decentralized system to collect and distribute water wisely to the inhabitants of the community. Through this approach, the company develops different collection points for water, thereby improving water supply.
Monitoring water pollution
Blockchain technology can also be used to monitor water pollution. Airalab Rus, a non0profit organization in Russia in partnership with some organization, launched a project on the Volga River. The project involves Drones, Sensors, and blockchain tech. They hope to monitor and measure water pollution in the reservoir. This makes it easy to measure and, monitor water pollution, thereby providing ample time for the government or relevant authorities to tackle pollution.
Easy access to water through water trading
Water trading is the voluntary exchange of water access rights between and a seller. An entity or individual holds the license to collect a specified amount of water from a river, groundwater lake or reservoir. This entity or individual can also sell some of its quotas at a market controlled price. This process can be prolonged and challenging to track.
Blockchain technology makes the record keeping more consistent, streamlined, and automated, thereby freeing up time and resources along the way. The smart contract feature removes third parties from the transaction, thus ensuring a fast and direct water trading.
There is more to what can be achieved through blockchain water management, and as it unfolds, you can always trust that we will bring you up to speed here on BlockchainGap. For your blockchain industry research, project analysis, or blockchain-related services, you are free to contact us here.